Pest control companies deal with bed bug infestations regularly. Contrary to popular belief, bed bugs are not just limited to dirty motels. Bed bugs can be found in homes, college dorms, hotels, hospitals and assisted living facilities, day care centers, schools, and even five-star hotels.
Are All Bed Bugs the Same?
While there are about 90 different species that belong to the insect family of Heteroptera Cimicidae, only three are known to feed on human blood: Cimex Lectularius, Cimex Hemipterus and Leptocimex Boueti.
Poultry bugs and swallow bugs also belong to this pest group as they tend to feed on human hosts when the preferred meal source is no longer present.
The Global Bed Bug: Cimex Lectularius
The most common species of bedbug – the Cimex Lectularius – is found all over the world. These household pests are flat and round, 4mm to 6mm in size, and covered in short hairs. The transparent larvae turn orange and rustic red as they molt into adulthood. They are bright red in color when full of blood.
The Tropical Bedbug: Cimex Hemipterus
The Cimex Hemipterus is reddish-brown in color and can reach up to 8mm in length. This species is commonly found in tropical regions such as Florida, but has also been spotted in California.
Bedbug Relatives: Leptocimex Boueti, Haematosiphon Inodora, Oeciacus Vicarius
The Leptocimex Boueti (or Cimex Adjunctus) is also called the bat bug, as it feeds mainly on bat blood. In the absence of bats, they creep into human dwellings and take on human hosts. This type of bed bug is predominantly seen in West Africa and South America but has also caused trouble in places like Ohio.
The barn swallow bug (Oeciacus Vicarius) prefers to feed on cliff swallows and live in swallow nests. During bird migration season, they are known to enter homes and bite humans.
The Haematosiphon Inodora is often called the Mexican chicken bug because it is located primarily in North America and feeds on domestic fowl. If you have live poultry in your backyard, this type of bed bug could be a concern in addition to the common household bed bug.
How to Deal with Bed Bugs at Home
Unless you are equipped with a microscope, it can be difficult to tell these bed bugs apart. It is important to correctly identify bed bugs to be able to come up with the most effective treatment.
The best way to deal with any bed bug infestation is to call a pest control professional. They can eliminate all types of bed bugs swiftly and severely.
Written by BugOut Pest Control & Lawn Care. BugOut Pest Control & Lawn Care offers the best service for pest control in Columbia, MO.