Bone marrow transplantation also called BMT in short is considered to be a procedure which is performed to introduce in the patients healthy stem cells of the bone marrow. It is used to replace the damaged or disease struck bone marrow. It is actually a soft fatty tissue present inside the bone. From specific immature cells located within the bone marrow are created new blood cells. Such immature cells are called stem cells.
When it transplantation necessary?
The bone marrow transplant specialist India will conduct thorough medical diagnosis of the patient and accordingly specify the right time to perform the transplantation. Otherwise, blood related diseases such as aplastic anemia, thalassemia, leukemia, etc. could be treated with this kind of procedure. Also, multiple myeloma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma could be treated with this procedure. Moreover, certain childhood cancers such as neuroblastoma, sarcomas, etc. can avail such treatments.
Bone marrow transplant types
Autologous bone marrow transplantation is known to involve stem cell recovery from the patient’s body. Once the stem cells get recovered, the patient is provided with high chemotherapy dosage. After the completion of the chemotherapy sessions, the stem cells get introduced into the patient’s body intravenously.
On the other hand, Allogenic bone marrow transplantation is said to involve availing the necessary stem cells from a donor, for treatment purpose. However, it is important for the donor to have genetic perfect match with that of the patient getting treatment. The stem donors generally are noticed to be the patient’s siblings, even any person having perfect genetic match with the patient. It is after performing several blood tests that genetic match gets established.
The best bone marrow transplant doctors in India will determine the type of bone marrow transplantation to be carried out in the patient.
Several factors are said to determine the healthy nature of the patient having received the treatment. Such factors generally include the BMT type used, percentage match achieved between donor stem cells and the patient, the cancer type that is present in the patient, the patient’s age as well as his general health condition. Such treatments do have the ability to cure completely a disease or perhaps make the disease to be brought under control. Depending upon the success of the BMT treatment, the patient is able to get back to his normal life in just couple of months, or probably within a year.
Is there any complication found in BMT procedure?
Following Bone marrow transplantation, there might emerge several types of complications, which is likely to depend upon various factors like disease that is affected in the patient, his age, present health conditions, as well as the type of treatments that had been availed previously, including radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The percentage of match that has been established with the stem cells of the donor also is said to have a relation with the complication that might arise in the patient. Some complications can be getting susceptible to infections, patients developing bleeding or anemia, experiencing soreness in mouth, food pipe, throat and stomach and other regions of the body.