Surface water contamination is the pollution of the water surface on any body of water and also includes sediment that is found on the floor of the body of water – from lakes and oceans to swimming pools and rainwater collectors. This problem can potentially be hazardous for humans, plants and animals and can often go unnoticed. Surface water can become contaminated in many ways. Dumping hazardous chemicals into local streams or reservoirs will obviously cause damage to the environment on a larger scale, but there are also a number of household habits that you can change in order to prevent surface water contamination and pollution.
- Cleaning products. There are a number of ways that you can reduce water pollution significantly by making simple adjustments to your home lifestyle choices. Firstly, the most important thing you can do is to use fewer harmful chemicals in your home. Switching to natural cleaners instead of using bleach and ammonia will ultimately benefit the environment and your own health in a big way. Common household supplies like baking soda and vinegar are very effective cleaning tools that don’t have any harmful environmental repercussions, so consider the alternatives before buying into any harmful brands (and always remember to read the labels).
- Disposal of waste. Never, under any circumstances, pour anything that isn’t biodegradable down the drain. The most hazardous household chemicals include paint, motor oil, cleaning solvents, ammonia and pool chemicals. Be sure to dispose of any waste that might be harmful to the water supply properly. Contact your local sanitation department, as they will provide the appropriate information that you will need in order to dispose of waste in the most environmentally friendly manner.
- Don’t flush. Flushing anything other than human waste down the toilet is a big no-no when it comes to environmental health and safety precautions. When disposing of medications or trash, be sure to throw them in the regular trashcan and not down the toilet or the drain. Flushing trash down the toilet can cause serious sewer blockages that build up over time and ultimately end up in local rivers and streams.
- Conserve water. Conservation is a very important way to preserve water as a global resource and everybody can do their bit to help out. Adopting certain habits will help you save on your water bill and also prevent contaminated water in the future. Be sure to take quick showers instead of baths (since baths require more water), turn of all your faucets when you’re brushing your teeth and washing dishes (don’t just leave them running), don’t overwater your lawn, and always water your garden after the sun has set to reduce water evaporation.
- Seek professional advice. In the case that you may have contaminated your water supply, it’s important to seek some professional advice on how to solve this problem. Microbial Insights Inc. provides the right knowledge and expertise necessary to solve these kinds of problems, so it’s worth heading to their website to learn a little more.